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Avuri/True Indigo Plant


Binomial Name – Indigofera tinctoria

  • Kingdom – Plantae
  • Family     – Fabaceae
  • Genus     – Indigofera
  • Species   – I. tinctoria
Name – Avuri/True Indigo/Indigofera Tinctoria
Binomial Name – Indigofera tinctoria

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Avuri/True Indigo also called  Indigofera tinctoria or Avuri Neeli.

It is a species of plant from the bean family that was one of the original sources of indigo dye.

It has been naturalized to tropical and temperate Asia, as well as parts of Africa, but its native habitat is unknown since it has been in cultivation worldwide for many centuries.

Indigo is use as a dye in hair colour either alone or in combination with the henna powder to colour the hair black.

True indigo is a shrub one to two meters high. It may be an annual, biennial, or perennial, depending on the climate in which it is grow.

The plant is a legume, so it is rotate into fields to improve the soil in the same way that other legume crops such as alfalfa and beans are. The plant is also widely grow as a soil-improving groundcover.

Dye is obtain from the processing of the plant’s leaves. They are soak in water and fermented in order to convert the glycoside indican naturally present in the plant to the blue dye indigotin.

It has light green pinnate leaves and sheafs of pink or violet flowers.

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