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Vellai Erukku/Calotropis gigantea

(2 customer reviews)


Binomial Name – Calotropis procera

  • Kingdom – Plantae
  • Family     – Apocynaceae
  • Genus     – Calotropis
  • Species   – C. procera
Name – Vellai Erukku/Calotropis gigantea
Binomial Name – Calotropis gigantea

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Calotropis gigantea is also known as Vellai Erukku, Madar Flower, Crown Flower, Gigantic swallow wort, Mudar or ākanda.

According to the Shiva Purana, the madar flower/crown flower is very much liked by Lord Shiva  therefore the crown flower and its garland are offered to Lord Shiva for peace, prosperity and stability in society.

The Crown flower is also one of the major parts of the nine astrological trees (Navagrah tree).

Its leaf  is one of the five leaves use in the Panch Pallava, a ritual assortment of five different leaves use as a totem by the Maratha culture in India.

Calotropis gigantea, the crown flower, native to Cambodia, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Sri Lanka, India, China, Pakistan, and Nepal.

The plant has oval, light green leaves and milky stem. The latex of Calotropis gigantea contains cardiac glycosides, fatty acids, and calcium oxalate. The roots also contain Calotropone.

Calotropis species are consider as a common weeds in some parts of the world. The flowers are fragrant and in making floral tassels in some mainland Southeast Asian cultures.

The flowers are long lasting, and in Thailand they are use in floral arrangements. The extract of flowers and leaves has shown hypoglycemic effect in preclinical studies.

The plant is report as effective in treating skin, digestive, respiratory, circulatory and neurological disorders and  to treat fevers, elephantiasis, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

The milky juice of Calotropis procera is use to treat against arthritis, cancer, and as an antidote for snake bite.

Flowering and Fruiting Time is November-April. The fruit is a follicle and when dry, seed dispersal is by wind

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